Pre-professional

PRE-PROFESSIONAL STUDY

Careers in a number of professions may be started at Concordia. A student interested in gaining admission to professional schools such as those listed below should work with their advisor to select courses and follow procedures most helpful in achieving this goal.

The following list includes courses of study in health professions and graduate programs:

  • Pre-Athletic Training
  • Pre-Chiropractic
  • Pre-Clinical Laboratory Science
  • Pre -Clinical Perfusion Science
  • Pre-Cytotechnology
  • Pre-Dental
  • Pre-Dental Hygiene
  • Pre-Engineering
  • Pre-Law
  • Pre-Medical
  • Pre-Nursing
  • Pre-Occupational Therapy
  • Pre-Optometry
  • Pre-Osteopathic Medicine
  • Pre-Pharmacy
  • Pre-Physical Therapy
  • Pre-Physician’s Assistant
  • Pre-Radiation Science Technology
  • Pre-Social Work
  • Pre-Veterinary

Acceptance into professional programs is not automatic and must be initiated by the student; details may be obtained from the student’s pre-professional advisor. Listed below are typical minimum requirements based upon programs into which Concordia students have been accepted. Students considering a pre-professional program should carefully study the requirements of any institution to which they intend to apply. In successful preparation for professional programs, most Concordia students complete coursework well beyond the minimum requirements.

ROTC – Reserve Officers Training Corps – Army and Air Force

Concordia has established agreements with the Departments of Military Science and Aerospace Studies at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln to allow students the opportunity to participate in the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) programs. Students completing the ROTC program receive a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army or Air Force.

Both Army ROTC and Air Force ROTC offer generous scholarships and living allowances for contracted cadets. Students may apply for scholarships at any time during their college career. Students may also receive an allowance for textbooks plus a tax-free living allowances when contracting with a ROTC program.

Participation in ROTC while at Concordia will require attending the appropriate courses at the UNL campus. Concordia students are admitted as a visiting student at UNL; tuition for these courses is included in Concordia’s tuition. Each semester the student will enroll for one course and a leadership lab. The credit for these courses will be granted as Concordia credit and will apply toward the Concordia Bachelor’s degree programs.

Cadets contracting with one of the ROTC programs will be obligated to serve with the Army or Air Force; the length of time and type of service varies based on the program and career field chosen. Both programs allow freshmen and sophomores to participate without commitment.

More details are available in the UNL undergraduate catalog or from the respective programs:

Army: www.unl.edu/armyrotc or 402-472-4269               
Air Force: www.unl.edu/afrotc or 402-472-2473

See also: Please check the course catalog for other information about programs in which you are interested.

Pre-Athletic Training                                                                         

A bachelor’s degree is required for admission to the entry level professional program in athletic training. Majors in exercise science, biology, or other related fields are desirable; however, it is not mandatory as long as prerequisites for admission are met. Students should check specific requirements for the schools in which they are interested. The following are prerequisites for the University of Nebraska-Omaha:

Pre-Chiropractic

The minimum is a three-year program, but most successful applicants have a bachelor’s degree.

Courses include: 

  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Eng (at least three hours composition) 6 
  • Humanities/Social Sciences 15
  • Phys 111 General Physics I 4
  • Phys 112 General Physics II  4
  • Psy 101 Introduction to Psychology 3
  • Electives 32

Strongly recommended:

Small business management and medical terminology (available at local community colleges)

Pre-Clinical Laboratory Science      

This is normally a three-year program. Courses include:

  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Bio 208 General Genetics 4
  • Bio 351 General Microbiology 4
  • Bio 489 Immunology 3
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Chem 231 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • Chem 345 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • Eng 221 Intermediate Writing 3
  • Eng 328 Creative Nonfiction Writing 3
  • Math 122 Introduction to Statistics 3
  • Math 132 Intermediate Algebra (or higher level) 3
  • Electives 41 (Including broad general educ. background)

Strongly Recommended:              

  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4

Recommended:                              

  • Physics and additional biology & chemistry

Pre-Clinical Perfusion Science 

A bachelor’s degree is required for admission to professional programs in this field. Courses should include:

  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II  4
  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • Bio 351 General Microbiology 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Chem 231 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • Chem 345 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • Eng 221 Intermediate Writing 3
  • Eng 328 Creative Nonfiction Writing 3
  • Mathematics (College Algebra or higher) 6
  • One Physics course: 3-4

Phys 109 Introductory Physics (3)
Phys 110 Principles of Physics (4)
Phys 111 General Physics I (4)

  • Social Sciences 6

Pre-Cytotechnology

A bachelor’s degree is required for admission to professional programs in this field. Courses should include:

  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • At least four hours from: 4

Bio 208 General Genetics (4)
Bio 271 Introductory Embryology (3)
Bio 319 Cell and Molecular Biology (3)
Bio 351 General Microbiology (4)
Bio 489 Immunology (3)

  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Mathematics 3

Pre-Dental

Normally this is a four-year program. Many schools will consider admission after three years provided their program pre-requisites have been met, however the majority of applicants to dental school have bachelor’s degrees. Courses should include:

Pre-Dental Hygiene

This is normally a two-year program. Courses should include:

  • Bio 110 Principles of Biology or Bio 111 General Biology I or Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Bio 244 Nutrition 3
  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • Bio 351 General Microbiology 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Eng 102 Experiences in Writing 3
  • Eng 221 Intermediate Writing 3
  • Eng 328 Creative Nonfiction Writing 3
  • Humanities/Arts 6
  • Psy 101 Introduction to Psychology 3
  • Social/Behavioral Sciences 3
  • Soc 101 Introduction to Sociology 3
  • 12-hour series with same course prefix 12

Pre-Engineering

Students planning to enter the engineering professions should obtain a solid background in mathematics and the physical sciences. In addition to courses in these areas, courses in the social sciences and humanities should be taken. There are many specialty areas in engineering such as aerospace, agricultural, chemical, civil, electrical, industrial and mechanical. Programs for each of these areas differ among the professional colleges, and students should obtain information from these colleges as well as consulting with the Concordia mathematics and science faculty to plan the appropriate academic agenda. Students can attend Concordia at least two years before continuing their program at a professional college. Typical programs would be as follows:

Two-Year Program (Chemical)

Two-Year Program (Non-Chemical)

Three-Year Program (Non-Chemical)

Pre-Law

Most accredited law schools have no specific requirements for a pre-law course, but prefer a bachelor’s degree in the liberal arts. A high level of scholarship is expected of students in the pre-law program. During the final year at Concordia pre-law students must take the Law School Admission Test, as well as apply to the law school of their choice. Students should be aware of the recommendations of the law schools to which they might apply.

The Association of American Law Schools considers the prescription of particular courses unwise for a pre-law program. The Association calls attention to the quality of undergraduate institutions which it believes fundamental to the better attainment of legal competence. Pre-law students meet individually with a pre-law advisor to plan a personalized curriculum for their pre-professional training in law.

Pre-Medical

Normally this is a four-year program. Some schools will consider admission after three years provided their program pre-requisites have been met, however applicants with a bachelor’s degree are given preference. Courses should include:

  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Bio 208 General Genetics 4
  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Chem 231 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • Chem 331 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • Chem 345 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • English (at least three hours composition) 6
  • Humanities/Social Sciences 12-16
  • Math 122 Introduction to Statistics 3
  • Math 184 Calculus I 4
  • Phys 111 General Physics I 4
  • Phys 112 General Physics II 4

Pre-Nursing                                                     

Pre-nursing students have two options. They can transfer into a nursing program after two years, having met these requirements. Completion of their nursing program will require an additional 2-3 years. Alternatively, students may complete a bachelor’s degree including these requirements and apply to a one-year accelerated nursing program. Courses include:

  • Bio 110 Principles of Biology or Bio 111 General Biology I or Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Bio 244 Nutrition 3
  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • Bio 351 General Microbiology 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Eng 221 Intermediate Writing 3
  • Eng 328 Creative Nonfiction Writing 3
  • Math 122 Introduction to Statistics 3
  • Psy 101 Introduction to Psychology  3
  • Soc 101 Introduction to Sociology 3
  • Soc 331 The Family 3
  • Free Electives 7-9
  • Human Growth and Development (available at most community colleges) 3
  • Ethics (available at most community colleges) 3

Pre-Occupational Therapy                                                                

These are Creighton University’s requirements and will normally require two years. Recommended courses include:

  • Creative Expression (Composition, Music, Art, Speech, Drama, etc.) 9
  • Critical Discovery (Math, Economics, Foreign Language) 12
  • Humanities 6
  • Natural Sciences (at least one biology course and one course with lab) 15
  • Social Sciences/ Psychology (At least one psychology course) 12
  • Theology/Philosophy 6

Pre-Optometry

These are requirements from the ASCO website (www.opted.org) which recommends 90 hours. Most successful applicants have a bachelor’s degree. Student should check specific requirements for the schools in which they are interested.

Pre-Osteopathic Medicine

A bachelor’s degree is required for admission to professional programs in this field.

Pre-Pharmacy

This is minimally a two-year program. Most successful applicants have a bachelor’s degree. Courses include:

  • Accounting 12
  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Chem 231 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • Chem 331 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • Econ 101 Macroeconomics or Econ 102 Microeconomics 3
  • English (Including Composition) 6
  • Math 122 Introduction to Statistics 3
  • Math 184 Calculus I 4
  • Phys 110 Principles of Physics or Phys 111 General Physics I or Chem 325 Quantitative Analytical Chemistry 4
  • Psy 101 Introduction to Psychology 3
  • Psychology/Social Sciences – additional hours 3
  • Electives to complete 60 to 63 hours, depending on program. For Creighton, include 6 hours theology.

Pre-Physical Therapy                                                                        

This is minimally a three-year program. Most successful applicants have a bachelor’s degree. Courses include:

  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • English (Including Composition) 6
  • Phys 111 General Physics I 4
  • Phys 112 General Physics II 4
  • Three additional upper-level courses 9-12  in a major area of study
  • Electives to complete 60 to 63 hours, depending on program. For Creighton, include 6 hours theology.

Concordia University, Mequon, Wisconsin offers a doctorate in physical therapy. This program gives admissions preference to graduates of Concordia University System institutions. Concordia–Mequon has specific course work and application requirements. For additional information visit the DPT Web site at www.cuw.edu/programs/dpt  or call 262-243-4248.

Pre-Physician Assistant

A bachelor’s degree is required for admission to professional programs in this field. Courses should include:

Pre-Radiation Science Technology                                                   

This is normally a 1-2 year program, depending upon which specific area of the field you desire to enter. Courses include:

  • Bio 111 General Biology I or Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Eng 102 Experiences in Writing 3
  • Eng 221 Intermediate Writing 3
  • Eng 328 Creative Nonfiction Writing 3
  • Humanities/Social Sciences 6
  • Math 122 Introduction to Statistics 3
  • Additional math course (college algebra or higher) 3
  • Phys 111 General Physics I 4
  • Medical terminology 2-3 (available at local community colleges)
  • Electives as required by specific programs

For Radiation Therapy add:

  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4
  • CS 121 Programming and Applications 3

Pre-Social Work

The pre-social work program is designed to prepare a graduate for entry into a Master of Social Work (MSW) program. The MSW degree is increasingly becoming the norm and expectation for professionals in the field of social work and social service. The foundation of the pre-social work program is the behavioral science major, enhanced by additional required and supporting courses. Students will receive an introduction to the field of social work along with practical experiences in social service agencies.

  • Behavioral Science Major 39
  • SW 201 Introduction to Social Work 3
  • SW 311 Social Work Internship I 3
  • SW 312 Social Work Internship II 3
  • Supporting courses 9
  • A minimum of nine hours selected from:

Hist 417 African American History (3)
Geog 391 Urban Geography (3)
Bio 244 Nutrition (3)
Bus 121 Financial Accounting (3)
Bus 351 Human Resources Management (3)
Bus 300 Business Law (3)
Bus 443 Organizational Behavior (3)
Span 101 Beginning Spanish I (3)
Span 102 Beginning Spanish II (3)
Span 201 Intermediate Spanish I (3)
Span 202 Intermediate Spanish II (3)

Sociology and psychology courses not used in the behavioral science major may fulfill the supporting courses requirement.

Pre-Veterinary                                                                                   

This is minimally a two-year program. Most successful applicants have a bachelor’s degree. Courses include:

  • Bio 111 General Biology I 4
  • Bio 112 General Biology II 4
  • Bio 208 General Genetics 4
  • Bio 225 Vertebrae Zoology 3
  • Bio 343 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • Bio 344 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • Bio 351 General Microbiology 4
  • Chem 115 General Chemistry 4
  • Chem 116 General Inorganic & Qual. Analysis 4
  • Chem 231 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • Chem 331 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • Chem 345 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • CTA 211 Public Speaking 3
  • Eng 221 Intermediate Writing 3
  • Eng 328 Creative Nonfiction Writing 3
  • Humanities/Arts/Social Sciences 12
  • Phys 111 General Physics I 4
  • Phys 112 General Physics II 4
  • Electives to complete a minimum of 65 hours